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  Background

Birth defects are the most common cause of infant mortality in industrialized nations. Gastroschisis (GS) and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) are among the most important birth defects requiring surgery due to their relative frequency (compared with other birth defects), complications and number of deaths, and complex care needs.

However, the number of cases of GS and CDH treated by single hospitals is small, and treatments vary from hospital to hospital. This has resulted in a lack of agreement about what is the “best” care for these infants. The lack of agreement extends from prenatal diagnosis to care after birth. There is an urgent need for research to address questions that cannot be answered by reporting from single hospitals. CAPSNet aims to answer some of these questions by collecting information from hospitals across Canada.

 

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